4. Operating intentions
Outcome 3: Credible fisheries management
What are we seeking to achieve?
The Ministry's aim is to ensure New Zealanders have confidence in
our fisheries management system, and that stakeholders are able
to participate effectively in fisheries management processes.
Government has an essential role in fisheries management. It must
manage fishing-related issues, in particular setting limits to
adequately protect the environment. It is also responsible for international and
Treaty of Waitangi obligations. In addition, certain enforcement
powers can only be exercised under the authority of government.
However, effective engagement with stakeholders is also essential
to secure better value from our fisheries.
What will we do to achieve this?
Develop credible management frameworks to support
achievement of fisheries outcomes
The Ministry advises the
Minister on legislative, regulatory and policy reforms to improve the value obtained
from New Zealand fisheries. Advice needs to be of high quality. This requires
clearly identifying the problems to be addressed, making effective use of available
information including input from stakeholders, and considering implementation
issues. We also work on whole-of-Government initiatives and initiatives led
by other agencies to ensure that fisheries interests are appropriately
taken into account. At an operational level we operate
consistently and transparently, making decisions based on
best available information.
Act in accordance with Treaty principles
The Ministry must act in accordance with Treaty principles:
the principle of partnership; the principle of active protection;
the principle of redress. We must act reasonably, honourably,
and in good faith, and make informed decisions. Acting
in this way will strengthen relationships with Mäori
and assist in achieving the fisheries outcomes.
tangata whenua and stakeholders in fisheries management
Effective engagement with tangata whenua and others with an
interest in fisheries management is important to our credibility.
Stakeholders should have an increasingly important role to play
in other areas of management such as providing input to
decision- making and setting standards. Their involvement
in fisheries management increases their understanding
of the process and willingness to commit to actions and
strategies that will deliver long-term benefits.
Constructive engagement requires the Ministry to focus on
relationship management, communication, and building tangata
whenua and stakeholder capability to participate effectively
in management processes. Through engagement, all sector
representatives can discuss issues of concern and options
to resolve those issues. Multi-sector forums will focus
particularly on developing fisheries plans.
The Ministry interacts with tangata whenua on different levels.
Mäori are major players in New Zealand's commercial
fishing industry and active amateur fishers, as well as
customary fishers. We engage with around 80 iwi and a far
larger number of hapü on matters affecting their fishing
interests. The Ministry has ongoing obligations to provide
for the input and participation of iwi and hapü in sustainability
decisions that affect their non- commercial interests.
Our Treaty Strategy aims to build better working relationships
with tangata whenua, and improve the delivery of settlement
Implement objectives-based management
Fisheries plans are being used to set objectives for fisheries
and develop transparent links between the objectives
and the management strategies proposed for the fishery. All
fisheries plans are constrained by the requirement to
ensure that fishing is sustainable. It will take up to
five years (2012) to complete fisheries plans for most
Developing a fisheries plan involves:
- working with tangata whenua and stakeholders to
determine management objectives that best meet their
aims, while achieving standards
using risk assessment to identify key management issues
and assessment of costs and benefits to evaluate alternative
specifying management strategies (rules and interventions)
and services (eg research and enforcement) to achieve the
objectives and meet relevant standards
developing an operational plan including assigning
responsibilities for implementation.
Once developed, a fisheries plan will help prioritise Ministry
resources and will guide our advice to the Minister on
proposed management measures and purchase or delivery of services for
the fisheries covered in the plan. The plan will provide
a basis for monitoring progress against objectives, and reporting on
performance against standards. Fisheries services will
be aligned with and across fisheries plans, enabling the Ministry
to move to a more cross-business group approach to deliver
services effectively and efficiently.
Fisheries plans are an important mechanism to improve
stakeholder involvement in fisheries management in
New Zealand. Fisheries plans will, in most cases, be developed
by the Ministry in collaboration with relevant stakeholders.
Our role is to:
facilitate tangata whenua and stakeholder consensus on
objectives for the fishery
- ensure that the objectives and management strategies
are consistent with the fisheries outcomes and relevant
Tangata whenua and stakeholder groups may also take the lead
in developing a fisheries plan. In this case, the Ministry
will evaluate whether the objectives and management strategies
are consistent with standards, assess the priority of any
services required from government, and apply the cost recovery rules as
Monitor and report on performance of fisheries
Tangata whenua, stakeholders and the public need to
have confidence that management decisions are properly
implemented and that performance is monitored and reported
upon. Monitoring helps assess whether, and how, fisheries
management is contributing to New Zealand's social, economic
and cultural well-being, and environmental sustainability.
Monitoring includes identifying appropriate performance
indicators, and collecting and managing information required
to assess and report on performance. The three main areas
where monitoring can most effectively be used to evaluate
management performance are outcomes, standards and
fisheries plans objectives.
Promote sound fisheries management internationally
The Ministry actively engages in the work of multilateral
organisations. These include the Organisation for Economic
Co-operation and Development (OECD), the United Nations Food
and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and a number of Regional
Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs). New Zealand
works to promote effective fisheries management policies
and practices through strong governance arrangements, good
science, allocation of access, and monitoring, control
and surveillance to tackle illegal, unreported and unregulated
(IUU) fishing. We also work with Pacific Island countries
to assist them in developing effective fisheries management
How will we demonstrate success?
The primary performance measures for this outcome are:
- Voluntary compliance is increasing, as measured by the ratio
of inspections to the number of offences
detected, with the following targets:
|• Vessel inspections (at port, at sea, landings)
|• Licensed Fish Receiver inspections
|• Monthly Harvest returns monitored, and unfurnished and late
returns followed up
|• Inspections (vessels, vehicles and persons)
|Poaching and black market activities
|• Dealer in fish inspections
- Fisheries plans have objectives and management strategies
developed by multi-stakeholder fisheries
plan advisory groups, ideally supported by all members.
- All iwi have access to a regional forum.
- Stakeholder and public confidence in the management
of New Zealand fisheries is increasing,
as measured by independent surveys.
- The cost of management relative to value of production is
similar to, or lower than, comparable
- Performance of fisheries management is monitored and
reported, including achievement
of objectives in fisheries plans, achievement of fisheries outcomes, and performance