GLOSSARY OF TERMS
ACE: Annual Catch Entitlement. It confers upon the commercial fisher an entitlement to harvest a quantity of fish, aquatic life, seaweed or other stock, taken in accordance with a fishing permit, and any conditions and limitations imposed by or under the Fisheries Act 1996.
Aquatic ecosystem: Natural system of interacting aquatic life within the biological and physical aquatic environment.
Aquatic environment: The natural and biological resources comprising any aquatic ecosystem, and including all aquatic life and the oceans, seas, coastal areas, intertidal areas, estuaries, rivers, lakes and other places where aquatic life exists.
Cost recovery: The recovery of the costs of conservation and fisheries services from the commercial fishing industry under Part XIV of the Fisheries Act 1996.
Customary fishing regulations: Either the Fisheries (Kaimoana Customary Fishing) Regulations 1998 or the Fisheries (South Island Customary Fishing) Regulations 1999. Deemed values: Charges for fish caught in excess of quota holding.
Individual transferable quota (ITQ): A tradeable or transferable property right within the quota management system. a Maori customary fishing: - Non-commercial fishing exercised in accordance with tikanga Māori, as codified in the draft customary regulations.
Mātaitai reserve: - An identified traditional fishing ground established as a reserve under either the Fisheries (Kaimoana Customary Fishing) Regulations 1998 or the Fisheries (South Island Customary Fishing) Regulations 1999. A Mātaitai reserve may be managed by tangata whenua for non-commercial purposes, through bylaws approved by the Minister.
OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Outcomes: The impacts on, or the consequences for, the community, of the outputs or activities of the Government.
Outputs: The goods or services produced by a department, Crown agency, Office of Parliament, or other person or body. The end product or service produced by a process, which is delivered to meet the needs of stakeholders.
Output class: Individual outputs are combined into groups or classes of outputs that form a common set of goods and services.
Quota: A tradeable property right to harvest particular species of fish.
Quota management system (QMS): The system used to manage New Zealand’s commercial fisheries.
Statement of Intent: Presented to Parliament at the same time as the Budget, the Statement of Intent sets out the vision for the department, the strategic direction over the next five years and what is to be achieved in the coming year.
Sustainability: The sustainable utilisation of fisheries resources means:
- maintaining the potential of fisheries resources to meet the reasonably foreseeable needs of future generations
- avoiding, remedying or mitigating any adverse effects of fishing on the aquatic environment.
Taiapure: Taiapure-local fisheries are established under Part IX of the Fisheries Act 1996, where a committee nominated by the local Māori community may recommend the making of regulations to manage all types of fishing. Tangata kaitiaki/tiaki Tangata Tiaki/Kaitiaki: Means any person or persons appointed under the customary fishing regulations to manage customary food gathering or a mātaitai reserve.
Total allowable catch (TAC): The amount of fish able to be taken in any one year without impairing the future sustainable yield of the resource.
Total allowable commercial catch (TACC): The amount of fish able to be taken in any one year by the commercial fisheries sector.
Utilisation: In terms of the Fisheries Act 1996, utilisation means conserving, using, enhancing and developing fisheries resources to enable people to provide for their social, economic and cultural well-being.